Introduction to the world of cryptocurrencies: Bitcoin, altcoins and stablecoins

Introduction to the world of cryptocurrencies: Bitcoin, altcoins and stablecoins

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Cryptocurrency is a term that is becoming more and more popular and well-known in the modern world. Many people have heard about Bitcoin, but there are many other different types of cryptocurrencies, including altcoins, and stablecoins. In our today's article, we will talk about each of these types of cryptocurrencies.


Bitcoin is the first and most famous cryptocurrency. It was created in 2009 by an anonymous developer, or even a group of developers, hiding under the name of Satoshi Nakamoto. Bitcoin is based on blockchain technology, which allows transactions to be carried out without centralized financial institutions such as banks.

Bitcoin is often compared to gold, and it is called "digital gold" since the number of Bitcoins is limited. The maximum number of Bitcoins that will ever exist is 21 million.


The altcoins term refers to all cryptocurrencies that were created after Bitcoin. It is a combination of the following words: Alternative and coins. Some of the most well-known altcoins include Ethereum, Ripple, Litecoin, Cardano, and others.

Altcoins are usually created in order to improve some aspects of Bitcoin or offer completely new features. For example, Ethereum was designed to offer Smart Contracts, whereas Ripple was created to speed up international bank transfers.


Stablecoins are a type of cryptocurrency that is directly related to stable assets, such as traditional currencies or metals. The goal of stablecoins is to reduce the volatility that we often see in other cryptocurrencies. Some of the most popular stablecoins include Tether (USDT), USD Coin (USDC), DAI, and the new stable payment token called Edelcoin (EDLC).

Stablecoins can be useful for traders and investors who want to get rid of the volatility of the cryptocurrency market without leaving the cryptocurrency ecosystem.


Cryptocurrency is an exciting and rapidly developing world, and each of these types of currencies offers its own unique advantages. Whether it's Bitcoin with its golden status, altcoins with their innovative features, or stablecoins offering stability in the turbulent world of cryptocurrencies, everyone will find something for themselves. It is important to remember that investing in cryptocurrencies is always associated with risks, so you should always make only informed decisions.

Test Your Knowledge

  1. Who created Bitcoin?
    a. Elon Musk
    b. Vitalik Buterin
    c. Satoshi Nakamoto
  2. What kind of cryptocurrency was created to speed up international bank transfers?
    a. Bitcoin
    b. Ethereum
    c. Ripple
  3. What assets are stablecoins usually related to?
    a. Shares of companies and corporations
    b. Metals or traditional currencies
    c. Real estate and transport

Correct answers: 1 c, 2 c, 3 b.